The airframe design is based on the damage tolerance concept. Main structural elements are made of aluminum alloys, titanium alloys and steel in specific areas. Most of the fuselage skin, access doors and panels, air intakes and ducts are made of composites (carbon fiber, Kevlar). Metal-to-metal bonding is used for control surfaces to minimize the parts count. A structural S-HUMS segment evaluates expired/residual airframe fatigue life of individual aircraft usage.
The Flight Control System (FCS) is quadruple-redundant, self-reconfigurable in case of failure and Full Authority Digital Fly-By-Wire. At its core are four identical Flight Control Computers. FCS, in conjunction with peculiar aerodynamics, provides T-100 with flight characteristics similar to the latest fighters. Reconfigurable FCS can be tailored to present students with progressive levels of difficulty in approaching front line fighter characteristics. Different limits of Angle of Attack, Manoeuvre Load Factor and Roll Rate can be selected, easing inexperienced cadets’ transition from basic trainers to combat aircraft.
The T-100 is representative of the latest-generation glass cockpit environment, features Night Vision Goggles (NVG) compatible instrumentation and lighting, including the same layout in each crew position:
Low profile Head-Up Display (HUD)
Large Area Display (LAD)
Hands On Throttle And Stick (HOTAS) controls
Get Home Display for backup flight data display
Helmet-Mounted Display (HMD) – provision for
Voice Command – provision for
Automatic Ground Collision Avoidance System (GCAS) – provision for
Ejection Seats with “0-0” capability provide escape through the canopy (fully redundant Canopy Fragmentation System available).
The Embedded Simulation reduces the need for additional aircraft in training missions typically requiring the presence of a leader or opponent aircraft. It also enables the simulation of the operational environment with no need for actual deployment of various threats or the installation of expensive on-board sensors like multimode radar and active/passive electronic countermeasures, greatly reducing logistics and pilot formation costs.
A set of different operating modes and options can be selected by the instructor through HOTAS controls and LAD. Data from simulated scenario are presented on the LAD and HUD in both cockpits.
The T-100 introduces aerodynamic solutions previously exclusive to the latest fighters. Wing LERXs (Leading Edge Root eXtensions) generate vortex lift, while variable camber wing is provided by computer-controlled leading edge flaps. Such solutions enhance aerodynamic efficiency, manoeuvrability and high angle of attack flight. Further controllability, in particular at high angle of attack, is granted by differential all-moving horizontal “tailerons”.